Thieme’s spinnengids, Dick Jones, 1984, ISBN 9003982708

Spinnen van Europa, Heiko Bellmann, 2011, ISBN 9052108633

Kosmos Atlas – Spinnentieren Europas, Heiko Bellmann, 2006, ISBN 3440107469

Collins Field Guide – Spiders Britain and Northern Europe, Michael J. Roberts, 1996, ISBN 0002199815

Biology of Spiders, Rainer F. Foelix, 3rd edition 2011, ISBN 0199734828


Laborda, A., Somó, M., First South America records of Holocnemus pluchei (Scopoli, 1763) and Spermophora senoculata (Dugès, 1836) (Araneae: Pholcidae), Gayana 72(2): 261-265, 2008.

Guarisco, H., Mott, D.J., Status of the Genus Mimetus (Aranea: Mimetidae) in Kansas and a Description of the Egg Sac of Mimetus puritanus Chamberlin, Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 93 (3-4), 1990, pp. 79-84.

S.E. Lew, The Holarctic Hacklemesh Spider Genus Callobius (Araneae: Amaurobiidae): Morphology,  Systematics and Population Biology, Spring 2011, UMI nummer: 3473901

Huber, B.A., The retrolateral tibial apophysis in spiders – shaped by sexual selection?, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1995), 113: 151-163.

Elverici, M. et al, Two new Liocranid species records from Turkey (Araneae: Liocranidae), Mun. Ent. Zool. Vol. 8, No. 1, January 2013, pp. 305-308.

Excline, H., Nearctic spiders of the genus Cicurina Menge, American Museum Novitates, University of Washington, No. 850, May 1936.

Jäger, P., The triangle spider – Hyptiotes paradoxus C.L. Koch 1843, European spider of the year 2009, European Society of Arachnology. (

Zhang, Z. et al., A new genus of funnel-web spiders, with notes on relationships of the five genera from China (Araneae: Agelenidae), Oriental Insects, Vol. 40, 2006, pp. 77-89.

Yoshida, H., A revision of the genus Achaeaeranea (Araneae: Theridiidae), Acta Arachnologica, 57(1), July 31, 2008, pp. 37-40.

Levi, H.W., The spider genera Neottiura and Anelosimus in America (Araneae: Theridiidae), Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, Vol. 75, No. 4, Oct., 1956, pp. 407-422.

Knoflach B., Pfaller, K., Kugelspinnen – eine Einührung (Araneae, Theridiidae). In: Thaler K. (ed.), Diversität und Biologie von Webspinnen, Skorpionen und anderen Spinnentieren, 2004, pp. 111–160.

Planas, E., Fernández-Montraveta, C., &  Ribera, C., Molecular systematics of the wolf spider genus Lycosa (Araneae: Lycosidae) in the Western Mediterranean Basin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution201367 : 414–428.

Corey, David T. and Mott, Daniel J., A revision of the genus Zora (Araneae, Zoridae) in North America, The Journal of Arachnology (1991) 19:55—61.

Logunov, Dmitri V., The spider genus Neon Simon, 1876 (Araneae, Salticidae) in SE Asia, with notes on the genitalia and skin pore structures, Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc. (1998) 11 (1), 15-22.

Gertsch, Willis J. and Ivie, Wilton, The spider genus Neon in North America, American Museum Novitates, American Museum of Natural History, No. 1743, August 1955.

Jackson, R.R. and Pollard, S.D., Predatory behavior of jumping spiders, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 1996, 41:287-308

Bolzern, A., Burckhardt, D. & Hänggi, A. (2013). Phylogeny and taxonomy of European funnel-web spiders of the Tegenaria-Malthonica complex (Araneae: Agelenidae) based upon morphological and molecular data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 168: 723-848.

Platnick, N. (1975): A revision of the palpimanid spiders of the new subfamily Otiothopinae (Araneae, Palpimandae). American Museum Novitates, American Museum of Natural History, No. 2562.

Moradmand, M., Taxonomic Revision, Molecular Phylogeny and Zoogeography of the huntsman spider genus Eusparassus (Araneae: Sparassidae), Dissertation Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt am Main, 2013.

Moradmand, M., The stone huntsman spider genus Eusparassus (Araneae: Sparassidae): systematics and zoogeography with revision of the African and Arabian species, Zootaxa 3675, 17 June 2013.

Ramirez, Martin J., The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae), American Museum of Natural History, No. 390, 2014.

Websites (World Spider Catalogue, Norman Platnick)